Trucking Wellness: An Industry’s Response to Managing HIV/AIDS
Stephanie Townsend; Conrad Viedge
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Wits Business School
HIV/AIDS, Human Resources
In 2012, South Africa was still one of the countries with the highest prevalence of HIV/AIDS in the world. Statistics SA estimated that in 2011, 10.6% of the total population and 16.6% of the adult population (people between 15 and 49 years of age) were HIV positive.According to Suzanne Leclerc-Madlala, Leickness Simbayi and Allanise Cloete, all researchers at the Human Sciences Research Council (HSRC), certain cultural factors contributed to the spread of sexual diseases in South Africa. They noted that African groups were traditionally polygynous and made allowances for men to have extramarital relationships and to seek other wives after their first marriage. “While many men today marry monogamously in accordance with Christian rites, many continue polygynous relationships in an informal way through extramarital concurrent partnering,” they observed, adding: “Whilst traditional polygyny has declined in many African societies, men in present-day South Africa commonly engage in multiple and concurrent partnerships.” They pointed out that sex with multiple and concurrent partners had been identified as a key behavioural cause of HIV in southern and South Africa.